Top 10 Dangerous Diseases we get from Mosquitoes
October 10, 2017
Mosquitoes are indeed dangerous. They become the reason of a lot of diseases; some of them are minor while others are life-killing. According to a news, every year almost 1.5 million of people around the globe lose their lives due to mosquito-borne diseases. Let us talk about the top 10 dangerous diseases we get from mosquitoes.
10. Dog Heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis)
Dog Heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis) is one of the most life-threatening diseases caused by roundworms and mosquitoes. The bite of the mosquitoes containing the larvae of this roundworm is the actual reason of this disease’s spread. Signs of heartworm disease may include a mild persistent cough, reluctance to exercise, fatigue after moderate activity, decreased appetite, and weight loss.
9. Japanese Encephalitis
Japanese encephalitis is a serious infectious disease of the brain and it may cause death. This disease is spread out through mosquito bites. Symptoms usually take 5-15 days to develop and include fever, headache, vomiting, confusion, and difficulty moving. Symptoms that develop later include swelling around the brain and coma.
This is a viral disease transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes. The virus is transmitted from human to human by the bites of infected female mosquitoes. It causes fever and severe joint pain. Other symptoms include muscle pain, headache, nausea, fatigue and rash. Chikungunya has been identified in over 60 countries in Asia, Africa, Europe and the Americas.
7. Murray Valley Encephalitis (MVE)
MVE is a rare disease caused by the Murray Valley encephalitis virus. It is spread to humans by infected mosquitoes. Most people with this infection remain completely well while others may only develop a mild illness with fever. A small proportion of those infected develop a severe brain infection called encephalitis.
6. Rift Valley Fever (RVF)
RVF is an acute, fever-causing viral disease most commonly observed in domesticated animals (such as cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats, and camels), with the ability to infect and cause illness in humans. The disease is caused by RVF virus (RVFV), a member of the genus Phlebovirus in the family Bunyaviridae. It was first reported in livestock by veterinary officers in Kenya’s Rift Valley in the early 1910s.
5. Yellow Fever
Yellow fever is a serious, potentially deadly flu-like disease spread by mosquitoes. It’s characterized by a high fever and jaundice. Jaundice is yellowing of the skin and eyes, which is why this disease is called yellow fever. It isn’t curable, but you can prevent it with the yellow fever vaccine.
Malaria is a life-threatening disease that’s typically transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Infected mosquitoes carry the Plasmodium parasite. When this mosquito bites you, the parasite is released into your bloodstream. It is usually found in tropical and subtropical climates where the parasites that cause it live.
3. West Nile Virus
West Nile Virus has no symptoms in most people in others it could be Febrile illness (fever) or a severe illness affecting the central nervous system such as encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) or meningitis (inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord). There is no vaccine or specific antiviral treatments for West Nile virus infection are available.
2. Zika Virus
Zika virus is transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes, the same type of mosquito that carries dengue fever, yellow fever, and chikungunya virus. This virus causes birth defects in babies born to some infected pregnant woman,including microcephaly, where babies are born with underdeveloped heads and brain damage. Zika virus disease is usually mild and requires no specific treatment.
Dengue virus is transmitted by female mosquitoes mainly of the species Aedes aegypti and, to a lesser extent, Ae. albopictus.
Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection, it causes flu-like illness and ocassinally develops into a potentially lethal complication called severe dengue. Sypmtoms are sudden high fever, nausea, skin rash, which appears two to five days after the onset of fever
With more than one-third of the world’s population living in areas at risk for infection, dengue virus is a leading cause of illness and death in the tropics and subtropics.
Therefore, Dengue can be treated. There is no specific medication but you can use pain relievers with acetaminophen and avoid medicines with aspirin, which could worsen bleeding. You should also rest, drink plenty of fluids, and see your doctor. If you start to feel worse in the first 24 hours after your fever goes down, you should get to a hospital immediately to be checked for complications.
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