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Type 2 Diabetes: Signs To Look Out For
January 16, 2023
The body needs insulin to process the glucose from the food intake to give the body energy.
Type 2 diabetes develops when the body does not make enough insulin or it does not respond to it effectively.
What is type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is an impairment in the way the body regulates and uses sugar (glucose) as a fuel. This long-term condition results in too much sugar in the bloodstream. Eventually, high blood sugar levels can lead to disorders of the circulatory, nervous and immune systems.
In type 2 diabetes, there are primarily two interrelated problems at work. Your pancreas does not produce enough insulin — a hormone that regulates the movement of sugar into your cells — and cells respond poorly to insulin and take in less sugar.
Warning signs of Type 2 Diabetes
Signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes often develop slowly. In fact, you can be living with type 2 diabetes for years and not know it. When signs and symptoms are present, they may include:
– feeling tired, hungry or thirsty
– frequent urination
– unintended weight loss
– slow-healing sores
– blurred vision
– numbness or tingling in the hands or feet
Factors that may increase your risk of type 2 diabetes include:
Weight. being overweight or obese is a main risk
Fat distribution. Storing fat mainly in your abdomen- rather than your hips and thighs- indicates a greater risk.
Inactivity. The less active you are, the greater your risk. Physical activity helps control your weight, uses up glucose as energy and makes your cells more sensitive to insulin.
Family history. The risk of type 2 diabetes increases if your parent or sibling has type 2 diabetes.
Age. The risk of type 2 diabetes increases as you get older, especially after age 35.
Prediabetes. Prediabetes is a condition in which your blood sugar level is higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. Left untreated, prediabetes often progresses to type 2 diabetes.
Polycystic ovary syndrome. Having polycystic ovary syndrome — a common condition characterized by irregular menstrual periods, excess hair growth and obesity — increases the risk of diabetes.
Healthy lifestyle choices can help prevent type 2 diabetes, and that’s true even if you have biological relatives living with diabetes. If you’ve received a diagnosis of prediabetes, lifestyle changes may slow or stop the progression to diabetes.
A healthy lifestyle includes:
Eating healthy foods. Choose foods lower in fat and calories and higher in fiber. Focus on fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
Getting active. Aim for 150 or more minutes a week of moderate to vigorous aerobic activity, such as a brisk walk, bicycling, running or swimming.
Losing weight. Losing a modest amount of weight and keeping it off can delay the progression from pre diabetes to type 2 diabetes. If you have prediabetes, losing 7% to 10% of your body weight can reduce the risk of diabetes.
Source. Mayo clinic
Important Reminder: Any type of food supplement is not a medicine and cannot be used as a medicine for any type of disease.